Home > FOREX

Currency Exchange Rates: How to Calculate and Read Them

  • How to detect currency exchange rates.
  • How to understand currency exchange rates.
  • How to calculate currency exchange rates.
  • Reading currency exchange rates.

Exchange rates vary during the week as currencies are traded. This drives the price higher and under, like different assets such as gold, or stocks.
Doing predictions based on them can be more challenging. Let's give a more solid look at how to detect and understand currency exchange prices.

Detecting and Understanding Exchange Rate

Traders and organizations buy and sell currencies 24, hours a day throughout the week. For a trade to happen,1currency must be exchanged for another. To buy (GBP), another currency must be applied to buy it. Whatever currency is applied, will form a currency pair. If (USD) are used to buy (GBP), the exchange price is for the GBP/USD pair.

The U.S. Dollar and Euro are the most valued pair, given their status as reserve currencies at multiple global central banks. The most famous currency pair is EUR/USD, which is the number of dollars required to buy1euro.

These currency pairs vary all the time due to different financial reasons. The difference value parts of a currency's price are identified as pips. Pip is the lowest number by which the currency prices can change.

How to Calculate Exchange Rates?

Concept of exchange rates
Coins and BRICS currency symbols

If the USD/CAD exchange price is 1.0950, that indicates it requires 1.0950 Canadian dollars for1USD. The primary currency, (USD), constantly attains one part of that currency. The exchange price determines how much of the following currency (CAD) is required to buy that one part of the (USD).

This measure shows you how much is needed to buy1USD using CAD. But, let's see how much it requires buying one CAD using USD, following this way:

1/ 1.0950 = 0.9132. It requires 0.9132 USD to buy1CAD. This value would be matched by CAD/USD. The position of the currencies has changed.
If you go to the bank to change currencies, you probably won't receive the market price that traders have. The bank or currency exchange business will increase the price, so they earn a profit. Even credit cards and cash assistance providers such as PayPal will do the same.

If the USD/CAD price is 1.0950, the market is telling it costs 1.0950 CAD to buy 1USD. At the bank though, it may require 1.12 CAD. The difference between the market exchange price and the exchange price they impose is their profit.

To determine the rate difference, take the difference between the two exchange prices, and cut it by the market exchange price: 1.12 - 1.0950 = 0.025/1.0950 = 0.023. Multiply by 100 to get the rate increase: 0.023x100 = 2.23%.

An amount will also be taken if turning USD to CAD. If the CAD/USD exchange price is 0.9132, then the bank may charge 0.9382. They are charging you more USD than the market price. 0.9382 - 0.9132 = 0.025/0.9132 = 0.027x100 = 2.7% increase.


Banks and currency exchanges repay themselves for this assistance. The bank grants you cash, while traders in the market do not trade in cash. To get cash, wire payments, and processing or withdrawal charges would be implemented to a forex account in case the investor requires the money physically.

Passengers may only be involved in calculating a simple standard, such as price rises. An international investor is planning the impact of a $0.0001 variation on $1 billion in interest. Currency traders, on the other hand, are leveraged and give attention to every pip. A short change in currency can have a large result on a trader that has used $1,000 for each $1.00 bound to a trade.

If you need foreign currency, use exchange rates to determine how much foreign currency you want. It will also show you how much of your local currency you, I'll need to buy it.

If traveling to Europe you'll require EUR, you will need to check the EUR/USD exchange price at your bank. The market price can be 1.3330, but an exchange might charge you 1.35 or higher. Suppose you own $1000 to buy EUR. Divide $1000 by 1.3330 to get 740.74 EUR. That is how many Euros you receive for your $1000. Since Euros are pricey, we must divide, so that we settle with fewer units of EUR than units of USD.

Now suppose you need 1500 euros and require understanding what it costs in USD. Multiply 1500 by 1.35 to get 2025 USD. Since we know EUR is costly,1EUR will cost more than1USD, that is why we multiply in this situation.

In conclusion

Exchange rates constantly refer to the cost of one currency related to another. The direction in which the pair are placed matters. Memorize the primary currency is constantly equivalent to to1unit. The secondary currency shows how much it demands to buy1unit of the leading currency.

From there you can measure your exchange conditions. Banks will increase the price of currencies to repay themselves for assistance. Shopping around may save you some money as some businesses will have a less increase than others.

Exchange prices are usual for travelers and international investors. While exchange price quotes are simple to locate, making predictions based on them can be a little more challenging. Investors can use online sources to measure the exchange rate or familiarize themselves with the basics. This can save a lot of time and money.